What are Full-time Equivalent Employees (FTE)?
The term "full-time equivalent" refers to the full-time equivalent of a company's part-time employees. It is often used to calculate the size of an company based on hours worked by all W-2 employees.
The number of full-time equivalent employees (FTEs) is equal to the company's full-time employees plus full-time equivalent part-time employees rounded to the lowest whole number.
To calculate the number of FTEs, the company should do the following:
First, the company should determine the number of full-time employees (i.e. those working 30 or more hours per week).
To calculate the full-time equivalent of part-time employees, a company should add the number of hours worked by part-time employees and divide the total by 120.
The sum of the full-time employees and the full-time equivalent of the part-time employees is the number used to determine whether a company is an applicable large employer.
Note: This should not be taken as legal or tax advice.